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Certificate of Origin



A certificate of origin (often abbreviated to C/O, COO or CoO) is a document used in international trade. In a printed form or as an electronic document, it is completed by the exporter and certified by a recognized issuing body, attesting that the goods in a particular export shipment have been produced, manufactured or processed in a particular country. A "Certificate of Origin" is also called a "Form A"


The origin of the product does not refer to the country where the goods were shipped from but to the country where they were made. In the event the products were manufactured in two or more countries, origin is obtained in the country where the last substantial economically justified working or processing is carried out. An often used practice is that if more than 50% of the cost of producing the goods originates from one country, the "national content" is more than 50%, then, that country is acceptable as the country of origin.


In the case of trading blocs, certificates of origin may be allowed to state the trading bloc (for example, the European Union as origin) rather than a specific country. Determining the origin of a product is important because origin is a key information for applying tariffs, embargo and other trade policies. However, not all exporters need a certificate of origin, this will depend on the destination of the goods, their nature, and it can also depend on the financial institution involved in the export operation.


With the multiplication of trading bloc and free trade agreements (FTAs), a multitude of different forms have emerged and are used as certificates of origin in today's international trade.


Certificate of origin (COO) - Satakunta, Finland (EU)

A European Union certificate of origin, for a cargo loaded in Finland

For example, the European Union accepts the EUR.1 movement certificate as a valid certificate of origin. It is indispensable to fall within the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) system.


Depending on the exporting and importing countries, as well as the applicable trade regulations, other standard forms such as the Form A,Form B (applicable for the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement), Form E (for the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area), Form F (for the China-Chile Free Trade Agreement), Form N (for the China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement), Form X (for the China-Singapore Free Trade Agreement), EUR-MED (for the Pan Euro Med Free Trade Area), ATR.1 (for the trade between the EU and Turkey), US certificate of origin and the NAFTA certificate of origin are also in use.


However, virtually all certificate of origin form use the same template, with fields for the country of origin, the shippers, consignees, transport details, product and quantity, and the issuing body (stamp and signature).


Here list the different kind of CO by different area.


Form E—ASEAN Country

Form F--Chile

Form P-Pakistan

Form B-Asia Pacific

Form N—New Zealand

Form R—Peru

Form X—Singapore

Form L—Costarica

ECFA—Taiwan


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To provide the freight rate, Please advise:

1) Cargo information such as weight, volume etcs.

2) Pick up address or Port of loading.

3) Trading terms and shipping services.

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